The router is a computer-specific, the router has the basic components with the same desktop PC, the Router has a CPU, memory, system bus interface, and lots of input/output. Same with the PC, a router requires the operating system to perform its function, namely the Internetwork Operating System (IOS) software to run configuration files. These configurations contain the commands and parameters that control the flow of traffic in and out of the router. Routers use routing protocols to determine the best path. The Router responsible for receiving packets on one network and forwarding packets out another network to the destination network.
Routers use routing tables to determine the best path for forwarding the packet. When a router receives a packet, it examines the destination IP address and find the best fit with the network address in the routing table of the router. To conduct surveillance and the setting or more often referred to by the management of the router, we could use the sotfware. One of the best software for management and monitoring of the router is the COM Port Monitor. What and how the workings of COM Port Monitor, please go to the site located at http://com-port-monitoring.com/portmonitor.html